Cities are often administered by a group of elected officials called a city council. Just like on the county level, animals can be regulated on the city level through an animal control ordinance, health code, or zoning code. The difference is that the zoning code applies to all areas within city limits.
For those whose homes are part of a homeowner’s association (HOA), how many and what types of animals may be owned is regulated under the homeowner’s association bylaws. A homeowner’s association is a nonprofit organization, the members of which are comprised of the owners and renters within a certain development. A HOA makes and enforces rules regulating all homes under its authority. In addition to pets, the rules can dictate what amenities are allowed outside such as pools, how the outside of the homes look, and how many people can live in them. Be sure to check your HOA bylaws.
On the county (called parishes in Louisiana and boroughs in Alaska) level, the legislative and executive bodies are combined into a single group of elected officials known as either the Board of County Commissioners or Board of Supervisors. Therefore, they are responsible for both adopting legislation and enacting it. The powers of a county government are granted by the state. Their programs are funded by property taxes, local sales taxes, and federal and state grants.
County animal laws can be found in three different ordinances:
Only certain states have township governments. Townships are administered by a group of elected officials called the board of trustees. Townships can only regulate exotic animals through zoning codes. Therefore, if a township has no zoning, they cannot regulate exotic animals. Just like with county zoning codes, township zoning codes only apply to UNincorporated areas of the township and do not apply to incorporated cities.