Bans direct public contact (physical contact or close proximity where physical contact is possible with public including photo ops without permanent barriers) with dangerous wild animals.

    • owner
    • employee or other person conducting duties
    • veterinarian providing treatment
    • law enforcement or animal control
    • Department and agents or employees


  • Bears: American black (captive bred), Asiatic black, brown, giant panda, polar, sloth, spectacled (& hybrids) & sun bear
  • Canines: gray wolf; red wolf (captive bred)
  • Elephants (Elephas, Loxodonta)
  • Felines: cheetah, clouded leopard, jaguar, leopard, lion, mountain lion (captive bred), snow leopard, tiger, hybrids
  • Hyena, aardwolf
  • Nonhuman primate


  • Law enforcement or animal control may seize for probably cause of violation (may be kept on premises until location found)
  • Allows court to order forfeiture if found guilty
  • Forfeited animals may be return if not in violation, owner corrects violations, return doesn’t cause public health or safety risk, not treated cruelly and in compliance, but may NOT be returned if possession determined to be prohibited and must be euthanized
  • Penalty is up to $20,000 civil penalty.

(NRS 574A - Added by SB 344/Chapter 298 Signed into law 6/2/21 - Effective 7/1/21) 


Alternative livestock – captive-bred fallow deer and reindeer for by-products or breeding stock

Wildlife is divided into:

  • Wild Mammals
    • Big game mammals - pronghorn antelope, black bear, mule deer, mountain goat, mountain lion, Rocky Mountain elk, Nelson bighorn sheep, California bighorn sheep, Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep
    • Small game mammals – moose, peccary, Audubon cottontail rabbit, Nuttall cottontail rabbit, pygmy rabbit, snowshoe rabbit, white-tailed jackrabbit, gray wolf
    • Fur-bearing mammals – beaver, bobcat, gray fox, kit fox, red fox, American mink, muskrat, river otter
    • Protected mammals – endangered, threatened and sensitive species; pika, Douglas squirrel, northern flying squirrel, Western gray squirrel, fringed bat, pallid bat, Allen’s Lappet-eared bat, Brazilian free-tailed bat, dark kangaroo mouse, pale kangaroo mouse, wolverine
    • Unprotected mammals – coyote, black-tailed jackrabbit, spotted skunk, striped skunk, long-tailed weasel, short-tailed weasel, all unlisted mammals

  • Wild Birds
    • Migratory game birds – all game birds in MBTA including ducks, geese brants and swans (Anatidae); wild doves and pigeons (Columbidae); sandhill cranes (Gruidae), rails, coots and gallinules (Rallidae) and woodcocks and snipes (Scolopacidae)
    • Upland game birds – blue, ruffed, sage and sharp-tailed grouse; chukar, gray and snow partridge; ring-necked and white-wing pheasant, Northern bobwhite, California, Gambel’s, mountain and scaled quail; wild turkey; American crow
    • Protected birds – all MBTA except migratory game birds; endangered, threatened and sensitive species
    • Unprotected birds – house sparrow, starling, unlisted birds

  • Fish
    • Coldwater Game fish – Bonneville, Lahontan and Snake River cutthroat trout; Atlantic salmon; brook, brown, bull, lake, rainbow, and redband trout; mountain whitefish
    • Warmwater Game fish – black and brown bullhead; channel and white catfish; striped, white, largemouth black, smallmouth black, and spotted bass; black and white crappie; Sacramento and yellow perch; bluegill, green, and redear sunfish; walleye
    • Protected fish – endangered, threatened and sensitive species; Alvord Tui, Fish Creek Springs Tui and Sheldon Tui chub; Oasis Valley speckled dace; virgin spinedace; Wall Canyon, Warner and White River Desert suckers; Moorman White River and Preston White River springfish
    • Unprotected fish – all unlisted fish

  • Reptiles
    • Protected reptiles – endangered, threatened and sensitive species; Gila Monster, Sierra alligator lizard, Shasta alligator lizard, rosy boa, Sonoran Mountain King snake
    • Unprotected reptiles – unlisted reptiles

  • Amphibians
    • Game amphibian
    • Protected amphibians – endangered, threatened and sensitive species; Northern leopard frog, relict leopard frog, spotted frog, Amargosa toad
    • Unprotected amphibians – all unlisted species

  • Mollusks
    • Protected mollusks
    • Unprotected mollusks

  • Crustaceans
    • Protected crustaceans
    • Unprotected crustaceans

(NRS 501.110; NAC 502.020 et. al.)


BANS sale, purchase and trade of wildlife and game fish unless specifically allowed by law.

    • products
    • alternative livestock
    • dead game fish

BANS taking game fish away from body of water taken in.

(NRS 501.379, 501.381; NAC 503.115)



PERMIT (Commercial or Noncommercial Live Wildlife License) required to possess any wildlife.

  • EXEMPT: alternative livestock

PERMIT (Importation Permit) required to import wildlife.

  • EXEMPT: species specifically allowed to be imported on permit
  • Need certificate of health for birds, fish and mammals and fish and ungulates must be authorized on license
  • Ungulates need importation permit from Division of Wildlife and Agriculture, health certificate and certificate of examination, and quarantined for 30 days after

PERMIT (Exportation Permit) required to export wildlife. 

    • species specifically allowed to be exported on permit
    • acquisition from person exempt from permit with receipt
    • birds and fish and unprotected reptiles and amphibians exempt from permits generally

EXEMPT from commercial and noncommercial, importation and exportation permit:

  • Species in NAC 503.140
  • These birds and fish on private property or private lake or pond: California, Gambel’s, scaled and mountain quail; Chukar and Hungarian partridge; Ring-necked and white-winged pheasant; Bobwhite quail; Rainbow, brown, cutthroat, brook trout; Largemouth and smallmouth bass; Bluegill and redear sunfish; Channel catfish; Black bullhead; Crappie
    • BANS sale, release without permission, hunting except training permit, capture from wild, import without importation permit unless NPIP, transport without invoice and display of birds and fish exempted
    • May allow other endemic fish
  • Unprotected reptiles and amphibians for noncommercial or personal use up to limits listed
    • BANS sale and barter, release if removed from site, and public display
  • Under a scientific and educational license display or exhibit if no fee charged
  • Under a USDA Exhibitor license less than 90 days


  • COMMERCIAL LIMITED TO: Chukar and Hungarian partridge; California, Gambel’s, scaled, mountain and bobwhite quail; ring-necked and white-winged pheasant; indigenous reptiles and amphibians
    • May allow fish, crustaceans and mollusks
  • MAY allow other species for both permits
  • LEGAL SOURCES: breeder or dealer, collection in another state, department (BANS sale and barter)
  • Commercial - BANS release and hunting (except upland game birds for competitive field trial or training dogs or falcons or commercial or private shooting preserve)
  • Noncommercial - BANS sale, trade and barter, public displays, hunting (except upland game birds for competitive field trial or training dogs), and release without authorization
  • Ungulates need ear tags or permanent mark, AND bobcats, mountain lions and black bears need tattoo in left ear – need facility to do so
  • Meet caging rules in 504.476 or 504.478 (new permits after 2/28/94)
  • BANS capturing wildlife in state to stock commercial or noncommercial wildlife facility

(NRS 501.110, 501.379, 501.381, 503.590, 504.245, 504.295; NAC 503.140, 504.450 to 504.488)


PERMIT required to hunt or take or possess protected wildlife.

    • Desert tortoise held in captivity on 8/4/89 or 1 tortoise acquired through USFWs adoption program
    • Wildlife lawfully killed and imported from another state under that state’s authorization
    • Taking protected vector or protected venomous reptile in residence, school or building open to public OR if necessary to protect life of person in imminent danger

(NAC 503.093)



  • Shooting Preserve License (take upland game birds on preserve) - Commercial or Private

  • Live Bait Dealer Permit (sell and transport fish and aquatic life for commercial purposes)
    • LEGAL SPECIES: as allowed in Western and Southern regions: Lahontan redside, red shiner, Tui chub, Speckled dace, Mosquitofish, Carp, Goldfish, Golden shiner, Fathead minnow, Threadfin shad, Mountain sucker, Tahoe sucker, Longjaw mudsucker, Waterdogs, Piute Sculpin
    • Allows import of bait (salamander must come from installments or areas in bordering states) with invoice and notice to department 3 days prior

  • Competitive Field Trials Permit (competitive field trials for hunting dogs or falconry)

  • Dog/Falcon Training Permit (train hunting dogs or raptors with upland game birds)

  • Falconry License

  • Permit to Take a Raptor for Falconry (take raptor from wild)

  • Raptor Propagation Permit (propagate and sell raptors)

  • Scientific Collection/Possession/Import/Export/Banding License (take, kill, possess and band wildlife for scientific or educational purposes)
    • MBTA and USFWS endangered and threatened species need copy of federal permit

  • Special Purpose Permit (handle, move or temporarily possess protected wildlife to reduce risk of harm due to allowed activity)
    • MBTA and USFWS endangered and threatened species need copy of federal permit

  • Commercial Collection of Unprotected Wildlife Permit (commercially take unprotected wildlife)
    • Fish/Aquatic Bait
    • Unprotected Fish
    • Nuisance Wildlife

  • Permit to Release Live Wildlife (release wildlife into state)
    • Required when other permits do not authorize it

  • Import Eligibility Permit

  • Rehabilitation Permit
    • EXCLUDES: foxes, skunks, raccoons, coyotes, rats, mice, ground squirrels, and bats; species in NAC 503.110; species prohibited by county or city where facility located
    • Unreleaseable may be sent to AZA zoo
    • Must release raptors within 180 days and other wildlife within 90 days unless extended

  • Triploid Grass Carp Stocking Permit (stock certified triploid grass carp in closed aquatic system)


  • Released or escaped wildlife must be immediately reported and department can capture or destroy such wildlife
  • BANS releasing mammal for hunting

(NRS 503.200, 503.380, 503.582, 503.650, 504.245, 504.295, 504.300; NAC 503.0935, 503.094, 503.095, 503.097, 503.099, 503.135, 503.200 et. al., 503.510, 503.513 et. al., 503.540 et. al, 503.610 et. al., 504.490 to 504.498, 504.720 to 504.730)


BANS species listed in 503.110.

  • PERMIT (Scientific Permit or Commercial Permit) for:
    • AZA or ZAA
    • entertainment or commercial photography up to 90 days without public contact
    • colleges, universities or government agencies for scientific or public health research
    • other scientific institutions for research or medical necessity
    • commercial aquaculture (may require bond)
    • tax-exempt nonprofit organizations that exhibit wildlife for scientific or educational purposes
    • traveling through the state less than 48 hours if not unloaded, evidence of lawful possession and health certificate (mammals, birds, fish)

  • EXEMPT: without permit:
    • Department introducing or transplanting native big game mammal


  • Fish:
    • Lampreys (Petromyzontidae)
    • Freshwater stingray (Potamotrygonidae)
    • Freshwater shark (Carcharhinus)
    • Bowfin
    • Gars (Lepisosteidae)
    • Herring and shad (Clupeidae) except threadfin and gizzard shad
    • European Whitefish (Leuciscus)
    • Mexican banded tetra
    • Piranhas (Serrasalmus, Serrasalmo, Pygocentrus, Teddyella, Rooseveltiella and Pygopristis)
    • South American Parasitic Catfish (Cetopsidae and Trichomycteridae)
    • White perch
    • Freshwater drum
    • Grass carp except triploids with permit
    • Pike top minnow
    • Snakehead (Ophicephalus and Channa)
    • Walking catfish (Clarias, Heteropneustes and Dinotopterus)
    • Tiger fish
    • Sticklebacks (Apeltes, Eucalia, Gasterosteus and Pungitius)
    • Tilapia (Tilapia and Sarotherodon)
    • Nile perch (Lates and Luciolates)
    • Goldeye (Hiodon)
    • Carp – bighead, black, Crucian, Indian, silver
    • Rudd
    • Northern Pike
    • Asian swamp eel

  • Reptiles:
    • Alligators and caimans (Alligatoridae)
    • Crocodiles (Crocodylidae)
    • Gharial
    • Bird snake (Thelotornis)
    • Boomslang
    • Keelbacks (Rhabdophis)
    • Burrowing Asps (Atractaspidae)
    • Coral snakes, cobras, kraits, mambas and Australian elapids (Elapidae) except Hydrophiinae
    • vipers and true vipers (Viperidae) except indigenous
    • Snapping Turtles (Chelydridae)

  • Amphibians:
    • Clawed frogs (Xenopus)
    • Giant or marine toads

  • Mammals:
    • Wild Dogs or Dhole
    • Raccoon Dog
    • Mongooses and Meerkats (Atilax, Cynictis, Helogale, Mungos, Suricate, Ichneumia and Herpestes)
    • Wild European Rabbit
    • Multimammate Rat or Mouse (Mastomys)
    • Bats (Chiroptera)
    • Nutria
    • Coyote
    • Foxes (Vulpes, Fennecus, Urocyon, Alopex, Lycalopex and Pseudalopex)
    • Raccoon
    • Skunk (Spilogale, Mephitis and Conepatus)
    • Wild pigs and hogs except domestic
    • Axis deer (axis deer, Indian hog deer, Bawean deer, Calamian deer)
    • Red deer, elk and wapiti
    • Rusa deer
    • Sambar deer
    • Sika deer
    • Roe deer (European and Siberian)
    • White-tailed deer
    • Moose
    • Reedbucks (Redunca)
    • Oryx and Gemsbok (Oryx)
    • Addax
    • Blesbok, Topi and Bontebok (Damaliscus)
    • Hartebeests (Alcelaphus and Sigmoceros)
    • Wildebeest and Gnus (Connochaetes)
    • Chamois (Alpine and Pyrenean)
    • Tahr (Hemitragus)
    • Ibex, Wild Goats, Tur and Markhor (Capra) except domestic goats
    • Barbary (Aoudad) Sheep
    • Mouflon sheep, Urial, Bighorn and Argali (Ovis) except domestic sheep

  • Birds:
    • Pink Starling or Rosy Pastor
    • Red-billed Dioch
    • Red-whiskered Bulbul

  • Crustaceans:
    • Asiatic mitten crab
    • Crayfish (Parastacidae, Cambaridae and Astacidae) except red swamp crayfish, Virile crayfish and indigenous Pacifastacus

  • Mollusks:
    • African giant snail
    • Zebra and quagga mussels (Dreissena)
    • New Zealand mud snail

(NRS 503.590; NAC 503.110)


No commercial, noncommercial, exportation or importation permit is needed for exempt species.


  • Birds:
    • Canaries
    • Toucans
    • Lovebirds
    • Nonindigenous house finches
    • Parakeets
    • Cockatiels
    • Mynah birds
    • Parrots
    • Guinea fowl
    • Old World pheasants, partridges, quails, francolin, peafowl and jungle fowl (nonendemic Phasianae) except chukar, Hungarian partridge, snow cock, ring-necked and white, winged pheasant
    • Domesticated turkey distinguished morphologically from wild
    • Domesticated ducks and geese (Anatidae) distinguished morphologically from wild
    • Waterfowl (captive-reared)
    • ducks, geese and swans not protected by MBTA
    • Cassowary
    • Coturnix quail

  • Mammals:
    • Hamsters
    • Domesticated rats and mice
    • Gerbils
    • Guinea pigs
    • Monkeys and other primates
    • Marsupials
    • Elephants
    • Felines except mountain lions and bobcats
    • Wolves and hybrids (captive-bred)
    • Camels
    • European ferret
    • Llamas
    • American Bison
    • Marine mammals
    • Ostrich
    • Emus
    • Rheas
    • Alpaca
    • Domesticated chinchillas
    • Domesticated mink
    • Yak
    • Zebra
    • African pygmy hedgehogs

  • Fish:
    • Aquarium fish (those not prohibited not for bait or consumption and in closed system for personal or pet industry that does not allow exit or entry)
    • Salt water fish

  • Reptiles:
    • Nonvenomous, nonindigenous reptile species and subspecies
    • Albino indigenous reptile species
    • California kingsnakes (no bands or rings between head and vent)

  • Amphibians:
    • Nonindigenous species except bullfrogs and prohibited species in NAC 503.110

  • Crustaceans and Mollusks:
    • Salt water crustaceans and mollusks

(NAC 503.140)



BANS commercial take of crayfish.

  • EXEMPT: permit for Lake Tahoe with sales limited to food wholesaler or restaurant for consumption

NO PERMIT NEEDED to take bullfrogs or crayfish by methods other than hook and line.

  • PERMIT (Fishing License) required to take bullfrogs or crayfish by hook and line.

LEGAL METHODS: spear, bow and arrow, hook and line along with hands or gigs for bullfrogs

ILLEGAL METHODS: firearm or airgun (bullfrogs)

(NRS 503.290; NAC 503.100, 503.540, 503.580)



BANS commercial take of unprotected reptiles and amphibians since 2017.

Allows noncommercial take of unprotected reptiles and amphibians.
2023-24 Rules adopted without change.


  • Reptiles - hand or noose, set of tongs or snake hook
  • Amphibians – hand or dip net

ILLEGAL METHODS: crowbar, tire iron, jackhammer, winch, explosive device, chemical substance or method that destroy habitat, pit or can trap


Take 2 per species/year and possess 2 per species (24 total snakes):

  • Lizards:
    • Desert Banded Gecko
    • N. Desert Iguana
    • Common Chuckwalla
    • Colorado River Tree
    • Western Long-tailed Brush
    • Desert Horned
    • Desert Night
    • Long-nosed Leopard
    • Great Basin Collared

  • Snakes:
    • SW Thread Rana
    • Valley Garter
    • Sierra Garter
    • Wandering Garter
    • Mountain Garter
    • N. Rubber Boa
    • Spotted Leaf-nosed
    • Mojave Shovel-nosed
    • Smith’s Black-headed
    • W. Yellow-bellied racer
    • Red racer
    • Desert Striped Whipsnake
    • Mojave Patch-nosed
    • Great Basin Gopher
    • Long-nosed
    • Variable Ground Sonora
    • N. Desert Night
    • Desert Glossy Snake
    • Mojave Glossy Snake
    • California Kingsnake
    • N. Mojave Rattlesnake
    • Panamint Rattlesnake
    • SW Speckled Rattlesnake
    • Great Basin Rattlesnake
    • Mojave Desert Sidewinder

Take 5 per species/year and possess 5/species:

  • Skilton Skink
  • Great Basin Skink
  • Yellow-backed Spiny
  • N. Zebra-tailed
  • Great Basin Fence
  • Northern Sagebrush
  • Great Basin Whiptail

Take 5/week and 5 total: Nevada Side-blotched lizard

Take 4 per species/year and possess 4/species:

  • Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
  • Western Toad
  • Woodhouse Toad
  • Great Plains Toad
  • Red-spotted Toad
  • Pacific Tree Frog

Take and possess unlimited nonnative:

  • Tiger Salamander
  • Mediterranean Gecko
  • Spiny Softshell Turtle

Unlisted Species: BANNED

(NAC 504.4615; 2021 & 2022 Noncommercial Collection Seasons & Limits for Live, Unprotected Reptiles & Amphibians Commission Regulation 21-02)


BANS killing, destruction, wounding, trapping, injuring, possession and capturing bald and golden eagles.

    • Permits for those seriously injurious to wildlife or agriculture
    • Golden eagle obtained from wild by master falconer for rehabilitation, obtained from another state under federal law, possessed in another state before moving to NV, or transferred from another falconer with department approval – NEED Eagle Permit (SB 125/Chapter 233 Signed into law 5/30/21 - Effective 10/1/21)

(NRS 503.610)   



BANS removing wild horses from public lands along with converting to private use, killing or harassing, using aircraft or motor vehicle to hunt, polluting watering hole to trap, making remains into product or selling wild horses that stray on private property. 

(NRS 504.490)


Allows commission to prohibit import, transport and possession of aquatic invasive species and injurious aquatic species.

    • Alternative livestock
    • Department introduction for sport fishing or wildlife management


Injurious Aquatic Species:

  • Fish:
    • Asian swamp eel (Monopterus)
    • Bighead carp
    • Flathead catfish
    • Gars (Lepisosteidae)
    • Nile perch (Lates and Luciolates) except barramundi
    • Northern pike
    • Piranhas (Serrasalmus, Serrasalmo, Pygocentrus, Pristobrycon, Hydrolycus, Rooseveltiella and Pygopristis)
    • Round goby
    • Silver carp
    • Snakeheads (Ophicephalus, Channa and Parachanna)
    • South American parasitic catfish (Cetopsidae and Trichomycteridae)
    • Tiger fish

  • Mollusks:
    • Apple snails (Pomocea)

  • Amphibians:
    • African clawed frogs (Xenopus)

  • Crustaceans:
    • Rusty crayfish
    • Australian red claw crayfish

Aquatic Invasive Species:

  • Mollusks:
    • Golden mussels
    • New Zealand mud snails
    • Quagga and zebra mussels (Dreissena)

(NRS 503.597; NAC 503.072, 503.074)


BANS capture, removal or destruction of endangered species.

  • EXEMPT: special permit



  • Birds:
    • Bald Eagle
    • Peregrine Falcon             
    • Yuma Clapper Rail
    • Southwestern Willow Flycatcher

  • Fish:
    • Bonytail Chub
    • Independence Valley Tui Chub  
    • Pahranagat Roundtail Chub
    • Virgin River Chub
    • Moapa Dace
    • Ash Meadows Speckled Dace
    • Clover Valley Speckled Dace
    • Independence Valley Dace
    • Speckled Dace
    • White River Spinedace
    • Colorado Squawfish
    • Woundfin
    • Cui-ui Sucker
    • Razorback Sucker            
    • Pahrump Poolfish
    • Devil’s Hole Pupfish
    • Warm Springs Pupfish
    • Hiko White River Springfish
    • White River Springfish  


  • Mammals:          
    • Spotted bat

  • Fish:
    • Desert Dace
    • Big Spring Spinedace     
    • Ash Meadows Amargosa Pupfish
    • Railroad Valley Springfish

  • Reptile:
    • Desert tortoise


  • Mammals:
    • California Leaf-nosed Bat
    • Western Red bat
    • Townsend’s Big-eared bat
    • Western Mastiff bat
    • Sierra Mountain Beaver
    • Hidden Forest Uinta Chipmunk
    • Palmer’s Chipmunk
    • Ash Meadows Montane Vole
    •  Pahranagat Valley Montane Vole

  • Birds:
    • Northern Goshawk
    • Yellow-billed Cuckoo
    • Loggerhead Shrike
    • Sage Thrasher
    • Brewer’s Sparrow

  • Fish:
    • Big Smoky Valley Tui Chub
    • Fish Lake Valley Tui Chub             
    • Hot Creek Valley Tui Chub
    • Newark Valley Tui Chub
    • Virgin River Chub (Muddy River Population)
    • Railroad Valley Tui Chub
    • Big Smoky Valley Speckled Dace
    • Monitor Valley Speckled Dace
    • Moapa Speckled Dace   
    • Relict Dace
    • White River Speckled Dace
    • Meadow Valley Wash Desert Sucker

(NRS 503.585; NAC 503.034, 503.050, 503.065, 503.067, 503.080)



BANS sales of animals at swap meets.

    • In county or incorporated city with ordinance allowing it that includes provisions similar to state operator law and does not allow animal cruelty if sold under ordinance
    • Sale or transfer of livestock
    • Livestock auction or agricultural implements
    • Outdoor event by shelter or rescue adopting out dogs and cats
    • Adoption or ownership transfer where fee not charged and animal has all appropriate vaccinations

(NRS 574.550)


  • Livestock = all cattle or bovines, all equines, all porcine species (swine), all caprine species (goats), all ovine species (sheep), all poultry or domesticated fowl or birds, dogs, cats and other domesticated animals, alternative livestock

BANS import of foxes, skunks and raccoons.

BANS import of live elk, mule deer, white-tailed deer, moose, alternative livestock or other animal declared susceptible to CWD that is added.

  • EXEMPT: alternative livestock permit
  • North American elk need negative Brucellosis test within 30 days prior
  • Other domesticated cervids need negative TB and Brucellosis test within 30 days prior

Health certificate required for other animals.

  • Exotic and wild birds need DOW permission

(NRS 571.210; NAC 571.020, 571.025, 571.065, 571.085)