STATE GOVERNORS

This page shows the current state governors. 

This page also provides information about what happens after a bill is sent to the governor in each state.   It includes the deadline they have to sign bills into laws once they reach their desk, whether they have a pocket veto (veto bill by not acting on it), when the legislature can override any vetoes, and generic bill effective dates (if not listed in bill). 



Alabama

Governor Kay Ivey

Bill Signing Deadline
During Session: 6 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
Alabama Constitution: Sec 125

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Called by Legislators
After Session: Special Session

Bill Effective Date: None - Listed in Bills
 


 
Alaska

Governor Michael J. Dunleavy
 
Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 15 days exclude Sun
After Session: 20 days exclude Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Alaska Constitution Art 2 Sec 17

Legislature Veto Overrides:
                During Session: Immediate Joint Meeting
                After Session: By 5th day of special or next regular session
AK Const. Art II, Sec. 16

Bill Effective Date: 90 days
Alaska Constitution Art 2 Sec 18




Arizona

Governor Doug Ducey


Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days exclude Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Arizona Constitution Art 5 Sec 7

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Special Session
After Session: Automatically Dead

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment except emergency



Arkansas

Governor Asa Hutchinson

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 20 days exclude Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Arkansas Constitution Art 6 Sec 14

Legislature Veto Overrides
:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session

Bill Effective Date
Regular bills - 90 days after adjournment
Emergency bills – Immediately




California

Governor Gavin Newsom

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 12 days (next day if Sun/holiday)
After Session: September 30

Pocket Veto: No
California Constitution Art 4 Sec 10

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session

Bill Effective Date
Regular Bills - January 1 next year
Emergency/Priority Bills - Immediately
California Constitution Art 4 Sec 8


 


Colorado

 Governor Jared Polis

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: 30 days of adj

Pocket Veto: No
Colorado Constitution Art IV Sec 11

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session

Bill Effective Date: Upon passage
Colorado Constitution Art V Sec 19



 

Connecticut

Governor Ned Lamont

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 15 days
After Session: 15 days

Pocket Veto: No

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: 2nd Mon after Gov deadline - limit 3 days
Conn. Const. Art 3 Sec. 2

Bill Effective Date: October 1
Connecticut Statutes Ch 16 Sec 2-32



 
Delaware

Governor John Carney

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: 30 days of adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
Delaware Constitution Art III Sec 18

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Special or Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: Upon passage
DE Constitution Art III Sec 18


 


Florida

Governor Ron DeSantis

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 7 days
After Session: 15 days

Pocket Veto: No
FL Constitution Art III Sec 8

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Before End of Next Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: 60th day after adjourment
FL Constitution Art III Sec 9



Georgia

Governor Brian P. Kemp

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 6 days exclude Sun
After Session: 40 days

Pocket Veto: No
GA Constitution Art III SecV Par XIII

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Immediately
Last 3 Days or After Session: Next Regular Session
GA Const. Art III Sec V Part XIII

Bill Effective Date
Passed before July 1: July 1
Passed after June 30: January 1
Georgia Code Tit 1 Ch 3 Sec 4


 

Hawaii

Governor David Ige

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
After Session: 45 days after adjournment exclude Sat & Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Hawaii Constitution Art III Sec 16

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session
HI Const. Art III Sec 16

Bill Effective Date: As specified in bill



Idaho

Governor Brad Little

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days after adjournment (excluding Sun)

Pocket Veto: No
Idaho Constitution Art. IV Sec 10

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session by Governor Only
ID Const. Art. IV Sec10

Bill Effective Date: July 1 or 60 days after adj (whichever is later) except emergency bills
Idaho Statutes Tit 67 Sec 510




Illinois

Governor JB Pritzker

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 60 days
After Session: 60 days


Pocket Veto: No
Illinois Constitution Art IV Sec 9

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Fall Veto Session

Bill Effective Date
Passed Before June 1: Jun 1
Passed After May 31: Jan 1
5 ILCS 75 Effective Date of Laws Act


 

Indiana

Governor Eric Holcomb

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 7 days
After Session: Same

Pocket Veto: No
Indiana Constitution Art 5 Sec 14

Legislature Veto Overrides: Technical Session or Next Session
IC 2-2.1-1-2.5; IC 2-2.1-1-3.5

Bill Effective Date: July 1 except special session bills
Indiana Code 1-1-3-3



Iowa

Governor Kim Reynolds

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 3 days exclude Sun
After Session: 30 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
Iowa Constitution Art III Sec 16

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled on Veto Calendar
After Session: Special Session
Joint Rule 23

Bill Effective Date
Regular Session - July 1
Special - 90 days after adjournment
Iowa Constitution Art III Sec 26

 


Kansas

Governor Laura Kelly

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
After Session: 10 days

Pocket Veto: No
Kansas Constitution Art 2 Sec 14

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled in 30 days
After Session: Veto Session listed in adjournment resolution

Bill Effective Date: After publication in statute book
Kansas Statutes 45-310




Kentucky

Governor Andy Beshear

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Kentucky Constitution Sec 88

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
KY House Rule 51

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment except emergency bills
Kentucky Constitution Sec 55




Louisiana

Governor John Bell Edwards

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
After Session: 20 days

Pocket Veto: No
Louisiana Constitution Art III Sec 18

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Veto Session 40th day after adjournment exclude Sun – lasts 5 days
LA Const. Sec 3.18

Bill Effective Date
Regular Session - August 1
Special - 60 days after adjournment
Louisiana Constitution Art III Sec 19




Maine

Governor Janet T. Mills

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: 3 days after next Legislature meeting

Pocket Veto: Yes
Maine Constitution Art IV Part 3 Sec 2

Legislature Veto Overrides:
After Session: Veto Session – 1 day
3 MRSA §2

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment except appropriation or emergency bills
Maine Constitution Art IV Part 3 Sec 16

 


Maryland

Governor Larry Logan

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 6 days exclude Sun
After Session: 30 days exclude Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Maryland Constitution Art II Sec 17

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled Immediately
After Session: Next Special or Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: June 1
Maryland Constitution Art III Sec 31



 

Massachusetts

Governor Charlie Baker
 
Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
After Session:  Dies

Pocket Veto: Yes
Massachusetts Constitution

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session:

Bill Effective Date: At least 90 days after passage
Massachusetts Constitution




Michigan

Governor Gretchen Whitmer

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 14 days
After Session: 14 days

Pocket Veto: Yes
Michigan Constitution Art IV Sec 33

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Dies
MI Const. Art IV §33

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment (legislature may vote for immediate effect)
Michigan Constitution Art IV Sec 27





Minnesota

Governor Tim Walz

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 3 days exclude Sun
After Session: 14 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
Minnesota Constitution Art 4 Sec 23

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session only Governor Can Call

Bill Effective Date
Regular Bills - August 1
Appropriation Bills - July 1
Minnesota Statutes 645.02



 

Mississippi

Governor Tate Reeves

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session:  15 days exclude Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Mississippi Constitution Art 4 Sec 72

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Regular Session
MS Const. Art 4 Sec 72

Bill Effective Date: 60 days after passage

Mississippi Constitution Art 4 Sec 75




Missouri

Governor Michael L. Parson

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 15 days
After Session: 45 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Missouri Constitution Art III Sec 31

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Veto Session Sep (Wed after 2nd Mon) – 10 days
MO Const. Art III Sec 32

Bill Effective Date
Regular - 90 days after adjournment
Emergency/Appropriation - Immediate
Missouri Statutes Sec 1.130




Montana

Governor Greg Gianforte

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
After Session: 10 days

Pocket Veto: No
Montana Constitution Art VI Sec 10

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: May reconvene or poll members
MT Const. Art VI Sec10

Bill Effective Date
Regular Session - October 1
Special Session - Immediately
Montana Statutes 1-2-201



Nebraska

Governor Pete Ricketts

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 5 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Nebraska Constitution Art IV Sec 15

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: 3 months after adjournment except emergency
Nebraska Constitution Art III Sec 27



Nevada

Governor Steve Sisolak

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Nevada Constitution Art 4 Sec 35

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Special or Regular Session
NV Const. Art 4 Sec 35

Bill Effective Date: October 1
Nevada Revised Statutes 218D.330


 

New Hampshire

Governor Chris Sununu

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 5 days


Pocket Veto: Yes
New Hampshire Constitution Art 44

Legislature Veto Overrides:
After Session: Special Session Only

Bill Effective Date: 60 days (exceptions for certain bills)
New Hampshire Statutes Ch 14 Sec 9-a


 

New Jersey

Governor Phil Murphy

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 45 days or when house of origin reconvenes
Passed Last 10 Days Session: 7 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
New Jersey Constitution Art V Sec I 14

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session – 45th day of adjournment or Mon of 2nd year
NJ House Rule 22:9

Bill Effective Date: July 4
New Jersey Statutes 1:2-3

 


New Mexico

Governor Michelle Grisham

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 3 days exclude Sun
After Session: 20 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
New Mexico Constitution Art IV Sec 22

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Special or Regular Session
NM Const. Art IV Sec 6

Bill Effective Date
Regular Bills - 90 days after adjournment
Appropriation bills - Immediately
New Mexico Constitution Art IV Sec 23





New York

Governor Kathy Hochul

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: 30 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
New York Constitution Art IV Sec 7

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session

Bill Effective Date: 20th day
New York Statutes LEG Art 3 Sec 43




North Carolina

Governor Roy Cooper

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
Recessed 30+ Days/After Session: 30 days after adjournment
If vetoed - law on 40th day if no veto session

Pocket Veto: No
North Carolina Constitution Art II Sec 22

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Governor must reconvene by 40th day after adjournment
NC Const. Art. II Sec. 22

Bill Effective Date: 60 days
North Carolina Statutes Ch 120 Art 6 Sec 20




North Dakota

Governor Doug Burgum

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 3 days
After Session: 15 days exclude Sat & Sun

Pocket Veto: No
North Dakota Constitution Art 5 Sec 9

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Dies

Bill Effective Date
Regular Bills:
Filed Before August 1: August 1
Filed On or After August 1: 90 days

Appropriation/Tax bills: July 1
North Dakota Constitution Art 4 Sec 13 AND North Dakota Statutes 1-02-42




Ohio

Governor Mike Dewine

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Ohio Constitution Art II Sec 16

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled

Bill Effective Date
Regular - 90 days
Emergency - Immediately
Ohio Constitution Art II Sec 1c & 1d



 

Oklahoma

Governor Kevin Stitt

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days except Sun
After Session: 15 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: Yes
Oklahoma Constitution Art VI Sec 11

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Regular Session
OK Const. Art VI Sec11

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment (except appropriation/emergency)
Oklahoma Constitution Art V Sec 58



Oregon

Governor Kate Brown

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sat/Sun
After Session: 30 days after adjournment exclude Sat/Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Oregon Constitution Art V Sec 15b

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Special or Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: January 1
Oregon Statutes Tit 17 Ch 171.022
 


Pennsylvania

Governor Tom Wolf

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days
After Session: 30 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Pennsylvania Constitution Art IV Sec 15

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Session or 2nd Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: 60 days
Pennsylvania Statutes Tit I Part V Sec 1701

 


Rhode Island

Governor Dan McKee

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 6 days exclude Sun
After Session: 10 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Rhode Island Constitution Art IX Sec 14

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Veto Session
RI Statutes 43-1

Bill Effective Date
Passed On/Before July 1: July 1
Passed After July 1: Date of Passage
RI General Laws Tit 43 Ch 3 Sec 25


 


South Carolina

Governor Henry McMaster

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 2 days after next meeting

Pocket Veto: No
South Carolina Constitution Art 4 Sec 21

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Special or Regular Session

Bill Effective Date: 20th day
SC Code of Laws Tit 2 Ch 7 Art 1 Sec 10




South Dakota

Governor Kristi Noem

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sat, Sun & Holidays
After Session: 15 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
South Dakota Statutes Art IV Sec 4

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Veto Day after Governor action deadline

Bill Effective Date
Regular Session - 90+ days after adj AND July 1
Emergency Bills - Immediate
Special Session - 90 days after adj
South Dakota Constitution Art III Sec 22; South Dakota Statutes 2-14-16

 


Tennessee

Governor Bill Lee

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days exclude Sun
After Session: Same 10-day period

Pocket Veto: No
Tennessee Constitution Art III Sec 18

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Veto or Next Session

Bill Effective Date: At least 40 days except public welfare
Tennessee Constitution Art II Sec 20


 

Texas

Governor Greg Abbott

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 10 days except Sun
After Session: 20 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Texas Constitution Art 4 Sec 14

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Dies

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment except appropriation bills or with 2/3 vote of legislature
Texas Constitution Art 3 Sec 39


 

Utah

Governor Spencer Cox

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 20 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Utah Constitution Art VII Sec 8

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Called within 60 days of adjournment by 2/3 vote – 5 days
JR2-2-201

Bill Effective Date: At least 60 days after adjournment except 2/3 vote of legislature
Utah Constitution Art VI Sec 25




Vermont

Governor Phil Scott

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
Last 3 Days Session: Automatically Fails

Pocket Veto: Yes
Vermont Constitution Ch II Sec 11

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Special Veto Session

Bill Effective Date: July 1
Vermont Statutes Tit 1 Ch 3 SubCh 4 Sec212


 

Virginia

Governor Glen Youngkin

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 7 days
After Session: 30 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Virginia Constitution Art V Sec 6

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Meets 6th Wed after adjourning – 3 days (extended majority vote)
VA Const. Art. IV, Sec. 6

Bill Effective Date: Excludes emergency/appropriation bills:
Regular Session - July 1 after adj
Special Session - 1st day of 4th month after adjournment
Virginia Constitution Art IV Sec 13



Washington

Governor Jay Inslee

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 20 days after adjournment except Sun

Pocket Veto: No
Washington Constitution Art III Sec 12

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Next Regular Session OR extraordinary session within 45 days of adjourning with 2/3 petition - up to 5 days
WA Const. Art III Sec 12

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment
Washington Constitution Art II Sec 1 & 41


 

West Virginia

Governor Jim Justice

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 5 days exclude Sun
After Session: 15 days after adjournment exclude Sun
5 days for appropriation bills

Pocket Veto: No
West Virginia Constitution Art 7 Sec 14

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: During Extended Session
WV Const. Sec. 7-14

Bill Effective Date
Second Session - At least 90 days after passage or with 2/3 vote of legislature
West Virginia Constitution Art 6 Sec 30

 

Wisconsin

Governor Tony Evers

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 6 days exclude Sun
After Session: Dies

Pocket Veto: Yes
Wisconsin Constitution Art V Sec 10

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled
After Session: Veto Session between Apr 1 - June 30 of even year
Joint Rule 82

Bill Effective Date: 1 day after passage
Wisconsin Statutes 991.11



Wyoming

Governor Mark Gordon

Bill Signing Deadlines
During Session: 3 days exclude Sun
After Session: 15 days after adjournment

Pocket Veto: No
Wyoming Constitution Art 4 Sec 8

Legislature Veto Overrides:
During Session: Scheduled

Bill Effective Date: 90 days after adjournment - Usually July 1 or Immediate
Wisconsin Statutes 8-1-108