In Canada, animals are considered personal property, and all authority to regulate personal property is given to the provinces and territories under the Canadian Constitution Act.
British Columbia – BC bans exotic animals under the Controlled Alien Species Regulation of 2009 which prohibits breeding except a zoo or education or research institution and possession with a permit for animals owned before March 16, 2009. For more information, click here.
Quebec – Captive animals are regulated under the Respecting Animals in Captivity law which requires a license for species not listed or not exempted. For more information, click here. Their care is regulated under the Animal Health Protection Act. For more information, click here.
PERMIT required for dangerous wild animals under the Dangerous Wild Animal Act of 1976, as amended in 2007, which was enacted by the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
Dangerous Wild Animal Act of 1976
Schedule of Dangerous Wild Animals which Require a Permit
Licenses will be given by local authorities. Where the local authority grant a license it shall impose conditions on the license covering issues such as:
-a requirement that the animal be kept only by a person or persons named on the license;
-restrictions on the movement of the animal from the premises as specified on the license; and
-a requirement that the license holder has a current insurance policy which ensures both license holders and others against any liability caused by the animal.
Animal Welfare Act 2006- Owners of Animals must follow the regulations set forth in the Animal Welfare Act 2006.
NEW: June 2016 - The Federal National Council approved a draft bill to ban dangerous wild animals: All marsupials, primates, edentata, dogs except pet dogs, cats except domestic and hybrid pet cats, hyenas, mustelids, procyonids, bears, viverrids, panda, hyraxes, bats, colugo, pangolin, rodents except for research, equine except domestic, rhinos, tapirs, pronghorn, bovids except domestic, wild camels, cervids, giraffe, pig species, Family Tayassuidae, pinneds, elephants, manatees, struthio, cassawary, emu, vultures, seagulls, penguins, crocodilians, lizards, snakes, spiders, scorpions. It also bans certain dogs including pit bulls, Tosa, rottweilers, German shepherds, huskies, Alaskan malamutes, doberman pinschers, chows, Presa canarios, boxers, and dalmatians. Current owners have six months to give up their animals.
Import of animals is governed by the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the Quarantine Act 1908. Many states and territories have their own laws regulating possession of such animals. For a summary, click here.